A developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before age 3 that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. Other characteristics often associated with autism are engagement in repetitive activities and stereotyped movements, resistance to environmental change or change in daily routines and unusual responses to sensory experiences. The term does not apply if a child’s educational performance is adversely affected primarily because the child has a serious emotional disturbance. A child who manifests the characteristics of autism after age three could be identified as having autism if the requirements of the first two sentences of this definition are satisfied.
Significantly below-average general intellectual capability that exists along with deficits in adaptive behavior (in other words, lack of ability to adapt). It is demonstrated during the child’s developmental period and negatively affects a child’s educational performance.
Hearing and visual impairments occurring together. The combination causes such severe communication and other developmental and educational problems that the child with deaf-blindness cannot be accommodated in special education programs designed only for children with deafness or only for children with blindness.
A hearing impairment that is so severe that the child is unable to process language through hearing, with or without amplification, and the child’s educational performance is affected.
A condition showing one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of time and to a degree that it affects a child’s educational performance, resulting in:
o An inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory or health factors;
o An inability to build or maintain satisfactory relationships with peers and teachers;
o Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances;
o A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression; or
o A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.
The term includes schizophrenia. The term does not apply to children who are socially maladjusted, unless it is determined that they have a serious emotional disturbance.
Impairment in hearing, whether permanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance, but that is not included under the definition of deafness.
Impairments that occur simultaneously (such as cognitive disability-blindness and cognitive disability-orthopedic impairment), the combination of which causes such severe educational problems that they cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for one of the impairments. The term does not include deaf-blindness.
A severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term includes impairments caused by congenital anomaly (e.g., clubfoot, absence of some member), impairments caused by disease (e.g., poliomyelitis, bone tuberculosis) and impairments from other causes (e.g., cerebral palsy, amputation and fractures or burns that cause contractures).
OTHER HEALTH IMPAIRMENT
Having limited strength, vitality, or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment, that is due to chronic or acute health problems such as asthma, attention deficit disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, diabetes, epilepsy, a heart condition, hemophilia, lead poisoning, leukemia, nephritis, rheumatic fever or sickle cell anemia and Tourette syndrome; and adversely affects a child’s educational performance.
SPECIFIC LEARNING DISABILITY
A disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, write, spell or to do mathematical calculations. The term includes such conditions as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia and developmental aphasia. The term does not include children who have learning problems that are primarily the result of visual, hearing or motor abilities, of cognitive disability, of emotional disturbance or of environmental, cultural or economic disadvantage.
SPEECH OR LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENT
A communication disorder, such as stuttering, impaired articulation, language impairment or a voice impairment that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.
TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY
An injury to the brain caused by external physical force or by other medical conditions, including but not limited to stroke, anoxia, infectious disease, aneurysm, brain tumors and neurological insults resulting from medical or surgical treatments. The injury results in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term applies to open or closed head injuries, as well as to other medical conditions that result in acquired brain injuries. The injuries result in impairments in one or more areas, such as cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment; problem-solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech. The term does not apply to brain injuries that are congenital or degenerative, or brain injuries induced by birth trauma.
VISUAL IMPAIRMENT INCLUDING BLINDNESS
Impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term includes both partial sight and blindness. Visual impairment for any child means:
o A visual impairment, not primarily perceptual in nature, resulting in a measured visual acuity of 20/70 or poorer in the better eye with correction; or
o A physical eye condition that affects visual functioning to the extent that special
education placement, materials and/or services are required in an educational setting.
As a special education team, our District strives to develop a program through the Individualized Education Plan (IEP) that will promote, in an individualized manner, success for all students being served. Our identified students may be served in the regular education classroom as well as through individual, small group, or classroom learning centers. District services may begin at age three and may continue through the age of 22.
Programs for Children with Disabilities
Winton Woods City Schools provide an educational program for all children with disabilities ages 3 through 21.
Children entitled to special education programs and services are those with disabilities that significantly interfere with their ability to succeed in school. These include hearing impairments, visual impairments, severe or multiple impairments, learning disabilities, severe emotional disturbance, intellectual disabilities, speech or language impairment, and orthopedic or physical impairments.
If you know of a child who may have a disability and is not in school, please contact your building principal or your school psychologist.
Eligibility for special education services is based on the presence of a disability that results in the child’s need for specially-designed instruction and/or related service such as speech, occupational, and/or physical school-based therapy, not on the possible benefit from the aforementioned instruction or services. During an evaluation (ETR), team members must be able to document the adverse educational impact of a child’s needs on grade level performance. For example, a student may demonstrate communication differences, delays or even impairments, without demonstrating adverse effect on educational performance. IDEA requires that determination of a disability consider how the disability affects the progress and involvement of the student in the general curriculum. Consideration by the ETR team is given to the academic, vocational, and social-emotional aspects of a child’s disability. For more information regarding disability categories and the evaluation process, parents may access Whose IDEA is This, which outlines those processes, as well as a family’s procedural safeguards.
· Section 504 is part of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.
The main purpose of Section 504 is to prohibit discrimination while assuring that students with disabilities have educational opportunities and benefits equal to those provided to non-disabled students. If a student is found not to be eligible under IDEA, the requirements of Section 504 may be suitable if he/she meets the Section 504 definition of a disability, which is any person who has a physical or mental impairment, which substantially limits a major life activity.
A 504 plan for students in the public schools has its origins in the Federal Rehabilitation Act of 1973. From its inception until the Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1984 (Public Law 98-221), the main thrust had been in the area of employment for individuals with disabilities. In the years since 1984, the Office for Civil Rights, charged with the enforcement of Section 504, has become pro-active in the field of education of disabled individuals. The Winton Woods City Schools 504 Plan process focuses upon the instruction issues of Section 504 (Subpart D), and not upon employment practices.
All individuals who are disabled under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) are also considered to be disabled and, therefore, protected under Section 504. However, all individuals who are considered disabled under
Keeping on Track with Section 504 Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act is a federal anti-discrimination law intended to create a level playing field in regular education. It was not created to give unfair advantage. Accommodations must apply only to the named impairment.
A student is considered to be handicapped under 504 if he or she: • Has a “physical or mental impairment which substantially limits one or more major life activities” • Has a record of such an impairment • Or is regarded as having such an impairment; is a handicapped individual protected by Section 504.
Locating children who may have a disability
Each year WWC school District conducts a state required count of all children
with disabilities living in the district. Disability, in this instance, means such conditions as hearing impairments, visual impairments, speech or language impairments, learning disabilities, behavioral disabilities, or multiple disabilities, mental retardation, other health impairments, physical impairments, autism, and traumatic brain injury. If you know of a child or adolescent between the ages of birth through 21 whom you suspect may have a disability and who is not currently receiving services, Winton Woods School District wants to hear from you. Children attending or planning to attend a private school also are included in this count. All information is confidential. You may contact the district directly or contact your child’s private school and ask them to forward the information to the district. Child Find is a community-wide effort.
If you have or know of a child who may have a disability, contact Patty the department of Student Services,619-2320 for more information and guidance
Autism Scholarship Program
The Autism Scholarship Program (ASP) gives the parents of children with autism who qualify for a scholarship the choice to send the child to a special education program other than the one operated by the school district of residence to receive their education and the services outlined in the child's individualized education program (IEP).
Any student who has been identified by their district as a child with autism and for whom the district has created an individualized education plan (IEP) qualifies for the Autism Scholarship program.
The student must have a current IEP from the district of residence that is finalized and all parties, including the parent, must be in agreement with the IEP.
A child is eligible to apply to participate in the program when the child turns three. For more information email : firstname.lastname@example.org
Jon Peterson Special Needs Scholarship Program
The Jon Peterson Special Needs Scholarship Program provides scholarships to students who are eligible to attend kindergarten through 12th grade and have an Individualized Education Program (IEP) from their district of residence. The amount of each scholarship will be based on the disability identified on the student’s IEP.
There are two application periods annually. The first application period begins in February and ends on April 15th. Scholarships awarded to this group of applicants will be for the full school year. The second application period begins in October and ends on November 15th. Scholarships awarded during this second application period will be awarded for half of the school year (January 1 through June 30). To apply for a Peterson Scholarship, parents of eligible students must first register with a participating Peterson Scholarship Provider. The provider will have the required application forms and will assist the parent in the scholarship application process. For more information email: email@example.com